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The Georgia Home Guard: The trappings and rhetorical trap of a ‘defensive’ militia


MilitiaWatch was given files from the internal and semi-public communications of a Georgia-based militia group. These files, provided to MilitiaWatch by the Atlanta Antifascists, show extremely worrying plans that may be indicative of conversations within other contemporary militia groups. This piece assesses some of this content and provides context that may be useful to those looking to assess the psychic and social environments in which militias like this seek to engage.


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Monthly: Jan 24


Greetings, reader of MilitiaWatch, and welcome to the first post of 2024! This time, this Monthly covers January 2024 (with a few quick jabs towards some news updates since the start of February). Here are some of the things covered here:

  • The fiasco in Eagle Pass, TX draws many weirdos
  • Vermont militia training site owner officially goes fugitive
  • Democrats put forward anti-militia federal legislation
  • VCDL hosts annual Lobby Day, Boogaloo fans attend

The previous MW Monthly (November 2023) can be read here:

And if you didn’t get a chance at the end of last year, here’s the review of 2023 posted at the end of the year:


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Yearly: 23


Greetings, MilitiaWatch reader! This month, given that it is indeed the final month of 2023, is a special MW Monthly. Specifically, it is not a MW Monthly but a review of the last year of Monthly posts. Below, you’ll find a repeat of the most important stories that crossed multiple months this year and a “most important story of the month” for each month of 2023. All stories will link back to the MW Monthly in context if you want to read more.

This is MW signing off for 2023, see you in 2024 (happy new year, btw).


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Monthly: Nov 23


Seasons greetings, reader of MilitiaWatch! Here’s yet another MW Monthly, this time covering November 2023. Here are some hors d’oeuvres about what is covered here:

  • Updates on cases related to a couple of patriot movement leaders
  • Continuing issues of state complicity in paramilitary activity
  • Even more legal updates, including on III% groups at J6

The previous MW Monthly (October 2023) can be read here:


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Monthly: Oct 23


Greetings, MilitiaWatch readers! Hopefully, you had a good spooky season! (Many of those covered in this Monthly update did not.) In broad strokes, this monthly covers:

  • Legal updates for escapees, would-be Thanksgiving attackers, and Nazis
  • Updates related to governance and policing, and overlaps with militia (again)
  • Armed activism a la “2A Rallies” and otherwise at Capitols etc

The previous MW Monthly (covering September 2023) can be read here:


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Monthly: Sept 23


Welcome to Fall, MW readers! Here’s a new MilitiaWatch Monthly covering the month of September 2023. No Pumpkin Spice Lattes in this post, but instead a focus on some stories like these:

  • Prison escapes and militias and/or vigilantes
  • Final legal updates for Boog and Whitmer cases
  • CSPOA hosts sheriffs gathering in NC, your sheriff may have joined
  • VT hijinx over a militia training compound continue
  • Militia-linked harassment at an activist’s home in CA
  • Things get frisky at the Alamo as TITFF activists attack protester

The previous MW Monthly (covering July and August 2023) can be read here:


Prison Escapes, Militia or Vigilantism

On 29 September, Jonathan Schmidt O’Dell and another inmate at the Phelps County Federal Prison escaped. O’Dell evaded arrest for several days before cops recaptured him on 1 October. Jonathan is awaiting trial for a federal indictment related to his alleged plans to murder migrants and Border Patrol staff in Texas alongside his militia. His network was creatively named the “2nd Amendment Militia” and he posted calls to violence and planning materials on his TikTok ahead of his arrest.

Completely unrelated and on a different note, Danelo Cavalcante in Pennsylvania evaded police arrest for nearly two weeks at the start of September. Cavalcante was not a militia figure, but the manhunt for him (and a $20,000 reward for his capture) led to a bizarre-if-not-typical mobilization of armed vigilantes patrolling Chester County searching for him. The cops said these would-be vigilantes were a “hindrance” to their investigations and complained about them getting in the way. 


Legal Updates

On 27 September, a federal jury convicted Boogaloo adherent Robert Alvin Justus Jr for the murder of Federal Protective Service Officer David Patrick Underwood in California in 2020. Justus was an associate of Steven Carillo, who pleaded guilty last year for his role in the attack. Carillo fired the lethal shots, but Justus drove the van used in the attack. 

In Michigan this month, a jury found the final three Michigan Whitmer kidnapping plot defendants not guilty for their alleged role in the planned attack. These men, Eric Molitor and brothers William and Michael Null, were among the 14 total charged as part of the case. Of the others charged, all but two (Daniel Harris and Brandon Caserta) either pleaded guilty or were judged guilty in state or federal court. The Null brothers were very public and well-known members of the Michigan Liberty Militia ahead of the plot, speaking on behalf of the group at events and carrying weapons in the name of the militia.


Other Updates

In the second week of September in Cherokee County in North Carolina, Cherokee County Sheriff Dustin Smith and local right-wing grassroots organizations hosted the Constitutional Sheriffs and Peace Officers Association (CSPOA) for a day-and-a-half-long ideological training event. Sheriffs attended from across much of the southeast to see speeches by the likes of CSPOA founder Richard Mack and friend-of-the-Null-Brothers Barry County Sheriff Dar Leaf.

In Vermont this month, a 60-day warrant for Daniel Banyai expired after police failed to execute the warrant. Banyai runs a controversial militia training site known as Slate Ridge and has refused to allow county oversight access to his land to ensure the site is up to compliance. Banyai claimed that he complied with court document requests in July. The government of the town of Pawlet has requested an update to the warrant but state police have expressed an apathetic view on the matter. On Tuesday, October 3, Banyai attended the Pawlet Selectboard to shout at members before they ordered the end of the meeting after he refused to stop shouting at them at the conclusion of his time. Closing his remarks as a constable attempted to move him from the meeting, Banyai strangely accused the board of being “racist”.

In Northern California, a handful of far-right (and militia-linked) activists have been routinely harassing a local progressive activist at his camper van, hurling death threats and even shaking his home. These men include Jesse Lane, Carlos Zapata, and Richard Gallardo, who have all been filmed terrorizing the 56-year-old activist. The progressive activist believes the police gave the right-wingers his address. 

In mid-September at the Alamo in San Antonio, armed activists with the This is Texas Freedom Force (TITFF) gathered to ‘Remember the Alamo’, calling for the preservation of the Alamo Cenotaph. At the gathering, TITFF attacked an elderly counter-protester, pushing him to the ground.


Further Reading

  • For the Guardian, Jason Wilson writes on Venmo records showing Oath Keepers dues payments after J6
  • For USA Today, Will Carless writes on failures from the DHS to tackle far-right extremism

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BiMonthly: Jul/Aug 23


It’s September 2023, which means it’s time for a MilitiaWatch Monthly. This time, however, the Monthly includes two months, July and August 2023. Here are some of the main stories this time:

  • Virginia Boogaloo fiasco in Gloucester
  • Bundy (finally) turns himself in
  • Secret Service caught chatting with Oath Keepers
  • FL State Guard accused of being “militialike”
  • J6 and Whitmer case updates

Given the tardiness of this update and the added timeframe, some stories may be left out or shortened more than usual.

The previous MW Monthly (June) can be read here:


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Monthly: Jun 23


Hey y’all and happy July. Here’s the MilitiaWatch Monthly for June 2023, featuring some such stories as:

  • III% adherents get appointed to local office
  • Border militia activity leads to threats of violence in two states
  • Republicans get weird about state and insurrectionary violence
  • Lawyers for the Oath Keepers have Quite A Month
  • Ammon talks big talk online from his orchard

Last month’s MW Monthly (May) can be read here:


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Monthly: May 23


Another month, another MW Monthly. Here’s some news from May 2023 (the past month). If you’d like to read about April 2023, that post is available here.

Some things this month include some major Oath Keepers sentencings, a VT paramilitary site organizer refusing to comply with state orders, and a transphobic prankster joining a militia patrol of the US-Mexico border.


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Monthly: Apr 23


Greetings! Here’s another MilitiaWatch monthly, this time covering April 2023. The update for March 2023 is available for your convenience here. This month, we cover several stories, including a BBQ standoff, more hijinx in Shasta County, and some more updates on the never-ending J6 trials.


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Monthly: Mar 23


Greetings, MilitiaWatch readers! Here’s a review of militia activity in March of 2023. Apologies for the delay in publication. Last month’s update (February 2023) is available here. This month’s updates include more Oath Keepers convictions, Kenosha militia appointments, more updates in the Southwest, a late update on a militia leader running for mayor, and some discourse on a county militia in Virginia.